Why India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity of the world?

India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.

How is India one of the 12 mega biodiversity of the world and is being divided into?

“India is one of the 17 megadiversity countries of the world and is being divided into______biogeographical regions.” India is one of the twelve of the twelve megadiversity regions of the world with 8.1% of genetic resources of the world.

Which country is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world?

Answer: India is the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world. With about 47,000 plant species, India occupies the tenth place in the wprld and fourth place in Asia in plant diversity. There are about 15,000 flowering plants in India which account for 6 per cent of the world’s total number of flowering plants.

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Why does India have a lot of biodiversity?

It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. … The region is also heavily influenced by summer monsoons that cause major seasonal changes in vegetation and habitat.

Why India called mega diversity country?

The term ‘mega’ represent ‘large’. Thus, megadiversity means a large number of species are present in the ecosystem. As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre.

What is the rank of India in biodiversity?

India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.

Why Malaysia is in a group of mega biodiversity country?

Malaysia is one of the world’s megadiverse countries. … This is in line with Malaysia’s commitment to maintain at least 50% of forest and tree cover in perpetuity, as pledged at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. In addition, a total of 10.6% of Malaysia’s land area has been designated as terrestrial protected areas.

How is Indian biodiversity unique in the world?

India has tremendous biodiversity, genetic as well as of species and ecosystems. It contains over 7 per cent of the world’s biodiversity on 2.5 per cent of the Earth’s surface. … Among amphibians found in India, 62% are unique to this country. Among lizards, of the 153 species recorded, 50% are endemic.

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How many mega biodiversity countries are there in the world?

The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …

How many mega biodiversity are there in India?

India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animals” according to the UN. It is the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world. With about 45,500 plant species.

What is mega biodiversity country?

The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth’s species and high numbers of endemic species. Conservation International identified 17 megadiverse countries in 1998. Many of them are located in, or partially in, tropical or subtropical regions.