Nepal’s biodiversity is a reflection of its unique geographic position, wide altitudinal variations and diverse climatic conditions that result in five main physiographic zones (from tropical to nival) within a short horizontal span.
What is the main reason for ecological diversity in Nepal?
Nepal’s unique geography with its dramatic changes in elevation along the relatively short north- south span and the associated high variability in eco-climatic conditions has resulted in a uniquely rich diversity of flora and fauna in the country.
What is the ecosystem of Nepal?
According to Nepal’s 4th National Report to the CBD2, Nepal’s major ecosystems include 29% forest area (35 types have been identified), 10.6% shrub land and degraded forest, 12% grassland, 21% farmland, 2.6% water body, 7% uncultivated inclusions, and 17.8% others.
How many ecosystems are found in the Terai region of Nepal?
The low-lying southern plains, or the Tarai region, uniquely feature Terai-Duar Savannas and grasslands of WWF’s Global 200 ecoregions, three Ramsar sites and World Heritage sites.
Which types of ecosystem is not available in Nepal?
Which type of ecosystem is not found in Nepal? Desert ecosystem is not found in Nepal.
What are the differences between species diversity and ecosystem diversity?
Species diversity is the number or variety of species in the world or in a particular region. Ecosystem diversity is the number or variety of ecosystems within a particular area.
How is Nepal a diverse country in natural resources?
Diversity exists largely due to the unique climatic conditions and geography in the Himalayan range. Indigenous cultures and skills have played a complementary role in the management and preservation of these genetic resources. Medicinal plants are among the diverse reserve of genetic resources Nepal boasts.
How is the ecosystem of Nepal divided according to the ecological region?
Nepal has been divided into three ecological regions: – mountains, hills and the Terai. Each region has different natural environment and socio-cultural environment.
What is ecosystem diversity?
Ecosystem Diversity can be defined as the variety of different habitats, communities and ecological processes. A biological community is defined by the species that occupy a particular area and the interactions between those species.
What do you mean by ecosystem?
An ecosystem is a geographic area where plants, animals, and other organisms, as well as weather and landscape, work together to form a bubble of life. Ecosystems contain biotic or living, parts, as well as abiotic factors, or nonliving parts. Biotic factors include plants, animals, and other organisms.
Why does biodiversity differs according to ecological belt?
There diversity in the ecology of the places which is also termed as ecosystem biodiversity. And due the variation in the ecological regions, diversity arises in the genes and the species of that place. Biodiversity in species is the result of the diversity in the ecological regions.
Why is ecosystem of Terai region affected more than that of other regions?
Due to human activities, development, construction and modernization, the ecosystem of Terai region has been adversely affected. The livestock farming such as cattle and goat for milk, meat, manure and other purposes has also been done in Terai region.
What makes Nepal possible to have varieties of animals and plants?
Because of the variance in climate, from tropical to arctic, Nepal has a large variety of plants and animals. Wildlife tourism is also a major source of tourism in the country. There are some animal species which are unique to Nepal, such as the spiny babbler. Nepal is also host to many rhododendron species.
What are the different ecosystem services?
Four Types of Ecosystem Services
- Provisioning Services. When people are asked to identify a service provided by nature, most think of food. Fruits, vegetables, trees, fish, and livestock are available to us as direct products of ecosystems. …
- Regulating Services. …
- Cultural Services. …
- Supporting Services.
How many species of amphibians are found in Nepal?
The herpetofauna of Nepal is modest, totaling 52 amphibian and 125 reptilian species (data from A&R ofN): one salamander, one caecilian, 50 frogs, two crocodilians, 15 turtles, 39 hzards, and 69 snakes.