What types of data do climate scientists use to determine how hot or cold earth was in the past?

When scientists focus on climate from before the past 100-150 years, they use records from physical, chemical, and biological materials preserved within the geologic record.

What evidence do scientists use to determine that the Earth’s climate is warming?

The physical and biological changes that confirm climate warming include the rate of retreat in glaciers around the world, the intensification of rainfall events, changes in the timing of the leafing out of plants and the arrival of spring migrant birds, and the shifting of the range of some species.

What methods do scientists use to measure climate change?

Climate change is most commonly measured using the average surface temperature of the planet.

How does climate evidence support the theory of continental drift?

Wegener used fossil evidence to support his continental drift hypothesis. The fossils of these organisms are found on lands that are now far apart. … Wegener suggested that these creatures were alive in warm climate zones and that the fossils and coal later had drifted to new locations on the continents.

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What evidence of climate change on continents supports the theory of continental drift?

The fossils of the reptiles Mesosaurus and Lystrosaurus and a fernlike plant called Glossopteris have been found on widely separated landmasses. This convinced Wegener that the continents had once been united. Wegener used evidence from climate change to further support his theory.

How do scientists measure temperature in the past?

One way to measure past temperatures is to study ice cores. Whenever snow falls, small bubbles filled with atmospheric gases get trapped within it. … The temperature record recovered from ice cores goes back hundreds of thousands of years from glaciers that have persisted on landmasses like Greenland and Antarctica.

What instrument measures climate?

Thermometer. A thermometer is an instrument used to measure temperature. Thermometers are used to measure outside and inside temperature, body temperature, oven temperature, and food temperature.

What are two types of climate clues that support the continental drift hypothesis?

Wegener used climate clues to support his hypothesis of continental drift by finding fossils of warm weather plants in the Arctic Ocean, glacier features were found in Africa. … rock clues are used to support the hypothesis of continental drift, because similar rock structures are found on different continents.

How did Wegener use fossils to prove continental drift?

What evidence is there for continental drift? A map of the continents inspired Wegener’s quest to explain Earth’s geologic history. … Wegener knew that fossil plants and animals such as mesosaurs, a freshwater reptile found only in South America and Africa during the Permian period, could be found on many continents.

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What are 5 pieces of evidence that support continental drift?

The four pieces of evidence for the continental drift include continents fitting together like a puzzle, scattering ancient fossils, rocks, mountain ranges, and the old climatic zones’ locations.

How does climate change evidence support the Theory of plate tectonics?

Movement of plate tectonics causes a change in the ocean currents and in turn generates more heat. … Conclusively plate tectonic movement result in a change in climate though the rate is slow.

What evidence supports the idea that all the continents were once joined together gizmo?

Scientists have found that rocks on the east coast of South America are the same as rocks found on the west coast of Africa. These rocks are different from rocks found in other places on Earth, suggesting that the continents were once connected. Plant and animal fossils also reveal evidence.

What evidence revealed to scientists that continents could be moving apart from each other?

In the early part of the 20th century, scientists began to put together evidence that the continents could move around on Earth’s surface. The evidence for continental drift included the fit of the continents; the distribution of ancient fossils, rocks, and mountain ranges; and the locations of ancient climatic zones.