WWF Living Planet Report 2020 reveals 68% drop in wildlife populations. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Living Planet Report 2020, published today, sounds the alarm for global biodiversity, showing an average 68% decline in animal population sizes tracked over 46 years (1970-2016).
What percent of biodiversity has been lost?
“The Living Planet Index is one of the most comprehensive measures of global biodiversity. An average decline of 68 percent in the past 50 years is catastrophic, and clear evidence of the damage human activity is doing to the natural world,” said Andrew Terry, director of conservation at ZSL.
What is the percentage of biodiversity?
Their model revealed that, globally, biodiversity has fallen on average to 84.6 percent of what it was before people changed the landscape. If new species are accounted for, the average loss is at 88 percent.
What percentage of species has been lost since 1970?
Nearly 21,000 monitored populations of mammals, fish, birds, reptiles and amphibians, encompassing almost 4,400 species around the world, have declined an average of 68% between 1970 and 2016, according to the World Wildlife Fund’s Living Planet Report 2020.
How many species did we lose in 2020?
The International Union for Conservation of Nature declared 15 species extinct in 2020. Stacker asks: what were they, and what drove them to extinction?
What percentage of the total 5% biodiversity of the earth is found in India?
India is one of 17 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. With only 2.4 percent of the earth’s land area, it accounts for 7-8 percent of the world’s recorded species.
How is loss of biodiversity calculated?
Loss and gain are calculated as the difference between: (1) the amount of biodiversity that would exist with a change in management (i.e., with development and with the offset) and (2) the amount of biodiversity that would exist under the counterfactual (i.e., without development and without the offset; Maron et al.
What is Shannon index of diversity?
The Shannon diversity index (a.k.a. the Shannon–Wiener diversity index) is a popular metric used in ecology. … The index takes into account the number of species living in a habitat (richness) and their relative abundance (evenness).
What species are decreasing?
9, 2020 – Globally, monitored population sizes of mammals, fish, birds, reptiles, and amphibians have declined an average of 68% between 1970 and 2016, according to World Wildlife Fund’s (WWF) Living Planet Report 2020. Populations in Latin America and the Caribbean have fared worst, with an average decline of 94%.
What percentage of animals have humans killed?
Humans have killed 60% of world’s wildlife since 1970
World Wildlife Fund released an alarming report Tuesday asserting that humans are directly responsible for killing off an average of 60 percent of the world’s mammals, fish, birds and reptiles — in just over 40 years.
What percentage of animals are still alive?
Of all species that have existed on Earth, 99.9 percent are now extinct.
Which animal went extinct in 2021?
The ivory-billed woodpecker is one of 22 species of birds, fish, mussels, and bats (and one species of plant) that were declared extinct in the US in 2021. The announcement contains the largest group of animals and plants to be moved from the endangered to extinct list under the 1973 Endangered Species Act (ESA).
Can humans go extinct?
Scientists say there is relatively low risk of near term human extinction due to natural causes. The likelihood of human extinction through our own activities, however, is a current area of research and debate.
What is the newest extinct animal?
Recently Extinct Animals
- Splendid Poison Frog. Estimated extinction date: 2020. …
- Spix’s Macaw. Estimated extinction date: … …
- Northern White Rhinoceros. Estimated extinction date: 2018. …
- Baiji. Estimated extinction date: 2017. …
- Pyrenean Ibex. Estimated extinction date: 2000. …
- Western Black Rhinoceros. …
- Passenger Pigeon. …
- The Quagga.