What is flora and fauna in environmental law?

Flora and fauna means “plants and animals.” Flora referring to plants, and fauna refers to animals. Think of a flower and a fawn (a baby deer). … Flora and fauna means regional and native plants, animals and organisms.

What is the meaning of flora and fauna?

Meaning of flora and fauna in English

The flora and fauna of a place are its plants and animals. Plants & animals – general words.

What is biodiversity environmental law?

Biodiversity and Biological Resource

Biodiversity has been defined under Section 2(b) of the Act as “the variability among living organisms from all sources and the ecological complexes of which they are part, and includes diversity within species or between species and of eco-systems”.

What does environmental law consist of?

Environmental law refers to the protection of our natural resources and the regulation of businesses that impact them. This includes resources considered valuable to humans, such as water and minerals, as well as endangered species and other aspects of the natural world.

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What is the meaning environmental law?

Environmental law is a collective term encompassing aspects of the law that provide protection to the environment. A related but distinct set of regulatory regimes, now strongly influenced by environmental legal principles, focus on the management of specific natural resources, such as forests, minerals, or fisheries.

What is flora and fauna for Class 10?

All the species of plants and trees found in a region are collectively called the flora of the region. The species of animals found in a region are collectively called the fauna of the region.

Why is flora and fauna important?

Flora and fauna are very important for human existence. The flora liberates oxygen that is consumed by the fauna for respiratory activities. Fauna, in turn, liberates carbon dioxide consumed by the flora for photosynthesis. Flora and fauna hugely benefit mankind through its medicinal and food offerings.

Is Biosphere Reserve ex situ conservation?

In situ Conservation is one of the methods of the conservation of genetic resources in natural populations of plant or animal species.

Shakeel Anwar.

In situ Conservation Ex situ Conservation
Example- National parks, biosphere reserves, parks, sanctuaries. Example- Zoo, aquarium, seed banks, botanical gardens, etc.

What are types of biodiversity?

Types of Biodiversity. Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).

What is the full form of IUCN?

IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature, was established on 5 October 1948 in the French town of Fontainebleau.

What is the main purpose of environmental law?

Environmental laws today encompass a wide range of subjects such as air and water quality, hazardous wastes and biodiversity. The purpose of these environmental laws is to prevent, minimize, remedy and punish actions that threaten or damage the environment and those that live in it.

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How many types of environmental law are there?

The six laws related to environmental protection and wildlife are: The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986; The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980; The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972; Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974; Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 and The Indian Forest Act, 1927.

What are three environmental laws?

In the 1970s, the United States government enacted the three major environmental laws: the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, and the Toxic Substances Control Act.

What is the nature of environmental law in India?

The Constitution under Part IVA (Art 51A-Fundamental Duties) casts a duty on every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures.

What was the first environmental law?

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the first major U.S. environmental law. Enacted in 1969 and signed into law in 1970 by President Richard M. Nixon, NEPA requires all federal agencies to go through a formal process before taking any action anticipated to have substantial impact on the environment.