What is agro biodiversity explain briefly with examples?

Agricultural biodiversity, also known as agrobiodiversity or the genetic resources for food and agriculture, includes: … Non-harvested species in production ecosystems that support food provision, including soil micro-biota, pollinators and other insects such as bees, butterflies, earthworms, greenflies; and.

What is biodiversity with example?

Biodiversity is the variety of life. … Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.

What is the other name of agro biodiversity?

CGIAR tends to use agricultural biodiversity or agrobiodiversity, while the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) uses ‘biodiversity for food and agriculture’ and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) uses the term ‘agricultural diversity’.

Why agro biodiversity is important?

Benefits of Agrobiodiversity

Reduces the pressure of agriculture on fragile areas, forests and endangered species. Makes farming systems more stable, robust, and sustainable. Conserves soil and increase natural soil fertility and health. Reduces dependency on external inputs.

What is agrobiodiversity PDF?

Agrobiodiversity is the result of the interaction between the environment, genetic resources and management systems and practices used by culturally diverse peoples, and therefore land and water resources are used for production in different ways.

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What is biodiversity short answer?

Biodiversity can be described as the sum total of all plants and animals found in a particular area. It is basically a measure of all variations found at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level. It is mainly influenced by the environmental, geographical, climatic and topographical conditions of an area.

Why is biodiversity important example?

Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. … Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters.

What are agro biodiversity hotspots?

Agro-biodiversity Hotspots of India

S. No. Hotspot Region
1. Cold Desert
2. Western Himalayan
3. Eastern Himalayan
4. Brahmaputra Valley

What are the three types of biodiversity?

Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.

What is an example of a sustainable agriculture practice?

Over decades of science and practice, several key sustainable farming practices have emerged—for example: Rotating crops and embracing diversity. … Crop diversity practices include intercropping (growing a mix of crops in the same area) and complex multi-year crop rotations. Planting cover crops.

What is the difference between domestication and cultivation?

Cultivation is the deliberate attempt to sow and manage essentially wild plants and seed. Domestication is when people experiment and consciously select the right seeds to grow for various conditions.

What is agrobiodiversity PPT?

Introduction to Agrobiodiversity “All the component of biological diversity associated with food and agriculture, and all components of biological diversity that related to agricultural ecosystems: the variety & variability of animals, plants and microorganisms at the genetic, species and ecosystem levels, which are …

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How can we save agrobiodiversity?

These are: (1) Develop a database of agrobiodiversity and domesticated biodiversity; (2) Promote conservation of indigenous varieties and their commercial production; and (3) Prevent contamination of natural biodiversity of the state from Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs).