What are the biodiversity of Sikkim?

Species wise, the State harbors over 4500 flowering plants, 550 Orchids, 36 Rhododendrons, 16 Conifers, 28 Bamboos, 362 Ferns and its allies, 9 Tree Ferns, 30 Primulas, 11 Oaks, over 424 Medicinal plants, 144+ mammals, 550 Birds, 48 Fishes and over 600 Butterflies.

Why is Sikkim considered as a biodiversity?

Answer: Sikkim is considered as the biodiversity hotspot because there are 5500 flowering plants in Sikkim species only found within this 7096 kilometre square geographical area (Hajra and Verma 1996…….. common medicinal plants of Darjeeling and Sikkim in Himalaya.

Which one is a biodiversity hotspot in Sikkim?

Geographical position and climatic impacts: vulnerability of the Sikkim Himalaya. Sikkim, India’s second smallest state, covering an area of 7,096 km2 with a population of 619,000, is recognised as a biodiversity ‘Hot Spot’ of global importance.

What are 3 biodiversity examples?

Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.

What are the types biodiversity?

Types of Biodiversity. Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).

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How many biodiversity parks are there in Sikkim?

There are 8 protected areas in Sikkim viz., Khangchendzonga National Park, Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary, Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary, Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary, Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary, Kitam Bird Sanctuary and Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary covering 46.93% of the total …

What is being done in Sikkim to preserve biodiversity?

“The SBFP is a project to strengthen the biodiversity conservation activities and the forest management capacity, and to improve livelihood for the local people who are dependent on forests by promoting sustainable biodiversity conservation, afforestation and income generation activities including eco-tourism for the …

What is importance of biodiversity?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

What are the major natural resources found in Sikkim?

Several minerals are found in the state, among them, coal, copper, limestone and graphite are the most important. Dolomite, garnet, talc and magnetic are less important. Copper: The ores of copper are widespread in Sikkim and are in the Daling beds.

What is the vegetation of Sikkim?

Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 900 medicinal plants.

What is biodiversity class 10?

Biodiversity is the number and variety of plants, animals and other organisms that are living in an ecosystem. Biodiversity is a measure of the variety of organisms that exist in different ecosystems. Bio means ‘life’, diversity means ‘variety’. The species is the fundamental unit by which we can measure biodiversity.

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What is biodiversity class 11?

In simple terms, biodiversity is the number and variety of organisms found within a specified geographic region. … It relates to the variability among living organisms on the earth, including the variability within and between the species and that within and between the ecosystems.

What are the main causes of biodiversity?

8 Major Causes of Biodiversity – Explained!

  • Habitat Loss and Fragmentation: A habitat is the place where a plant or animal naturally lives. …
  • Over-exploitation for Commercialization: …
  • Invasive Species: …
  • Pollution: …
  • Global Climate Change: …
  • Population Growth and Over-consumption: …
  • Illegal Wildlife Trade: …
  • Species extinction:

What are the 4 components of biodiversity?

The four major components of biodiversity are species diversity, ecological diversity, genetic diversity, and functional diversity.

What is functional biodiversity?

Functional diversity is a component of biodiversity that generally concerns the range of things that organisms do in communities and ecosystems. … Choosing which traits to include in a particular measure of functional diversity will depend on the specific aims of a particular study.