Quick Answer: What are the merits and demerits of biodiversity?

What is biodiversity advantages and disadvantages?

1) By having more biodiversity the environment can be conserved and saved from disturbance of ecosystem. 2) More plants means the better environment and lesser effect of green house gases or temperature rising. 3) The biodiversity helps to maintain the food web circle , disturbing can result in the scarcity of food.

What are advantages of biodiversity?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

What are 5 benefits of biodiversity?

A healthy biodiversity offers many natural services

  • Protection of water resources.
  • Soils formation and protection.
  • Nutrient storage and recycling.
  • Pollution breakdown and absorption.
  • Contribution to climate stability.
  • Maintenance of ecosystems.
  • Recovery from unpredictable events.

What are the disadvantages of having low biodiversity?

Disadvantages of low diversity are as follows: Diseases are more likely to spread. Ecosystem with low diversity is less productive. … There is a lot of pressure for food and energy on the ecosystem.

IMPORTANT:  What can we do to protect ecosystem services?

What are the negative effects of biodiversity?

destruction, degradation and fragmentation of habitats. reduction of individual survival and reproductive rates through exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species.

What are the disadvantages of low biodiversity in agriculture?

Biodiversity loss affects economic systems and human society. … This lack of biodiversity among crops threatens food security, because varieties may be vulnerable to disease and pests, invasive species, and climate change.

What are the benefits of biodiversity quizlet?

Biodiversity is important because it provides us with Natural Resources (Food, Water, Wood, etc.) Natural Services (Pest Control, Air and Water Purification, etc.) and of course, Aesthetic Pleasure.

What are 3 Reasons why biodiversity is important?

5 Reasons Why Biodiversity Matters – to Human Health, the Economy and Your Wellbeing

  • Biodiversity Ensures Health and Food Security. Biodiversity underpins global nutrition and food security. …
  • Biodiversity Helps Fight Disease. …
  • Biodiversity Benefits Business. …
  • Biodiversity Provides Livelihoods. …
  • Biodiversity Protects Us.

What are the 5 major causes of biodiversity loss?

Biodiversity loss is caused by five primary drivers: habitat loss, invasive species, overexploitation (extreme hunting and fishing pressure), pollution, climate change associated with global warming.

What is killing biodiversity?

Scientists have called the degradation of Earth’s biodiversity in the modern era “biological annihilation” and the sixth extinction — and we caused it. Agriculture, commercial fishing, urbanization, man-made climate change, habitat destruction, pollution: We are the architects of unprecedented massacre.

What are disadvantages of ecosystem?

The disadvantages and damages that technology causes in the environment are big, for example the air is polluted by people when they used much electrical energy, because the greenhouse gases like sulfur oxide and carbon dioxide increase and affect industrialized areas and agricultural areas, where live thousands of …

IMPORTANT:  Are vacuum seal bags environmentally friendly?

What advantages does a high biodiversity have over low biodiversity?

Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.

Why is loss of biodiversity bad for the environment?

Loss of biodiversity undermines the ability of ecosystems to function effectively and efficiently and thus undermines nature’s ability to support a healthy environment. This is particularly important in a changing climate in which loss of biodiversity reduces nature’s resilience to change.