The term ‘biodiversity’ refers to the variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat, the genetic information they contain and the ecosystems they form. … Simply put, genetic diversity is the motley of genes within a species.
What are characteristics of biodiversity?
BIODIVERSITY HAS VALUE: • Biodiversity has evolutionary, ecological, economic, social, cultural, and intrinsic values. Biodiversity is nature’s insurance policy • Biologically diverse ecosystems offer a variety of natural products, including medical ingredients that enhance human health and standard of living.
What defines biodiversity?
Biodiversity is all the different kinds of life you’ll find in one area—the variety of animals, plants, fungi, and even microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world. Each of these species and organisms work together in ecosystems, like an intricate web, to maintain balance and support life.
What determines biodiversity?
Biodiversity is basically the variety within and among life forms on a site, ecosystem, or landscape. Biodiversity is defined and measured as an attribute that has two components — richness and evenness. Richness = The number of groups of genetically or functionally related individuals.
What are the 3 components of biodiversity?
Often referred to as “biodiversity”, biological diversity refers to the variety of species and ecosystems on Earth and the ecological processes of which they are a part. Three components of biodiversity are ecosystem, species and genetic diversity.
What are the characteristics of high biodiversity based from the play?
The characteristics of high biodiversity are that there are many different species in high abundance and the ecosystem is stable.
Biological diversity, abbreviated as biodiversity, represent the sum total of various life forms such as unicellular fungi, protozoa, bacteria, and multi cellular organisms such as plants, fishes, and mammals at various biological levels including gens, habitats, and ecosystem .
What is biodiversity and its classification?
Biodiversity is the variety of all species on our planet. … Biodiversity or biological diversity includes variety within and among organisms of the ecological systems they comprise. Biodiversity can be classified under three levels; Ecosystem or ecological diversity. Species diversity.
What is biodiversity and importance of biodiversity?
Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What is the classification of biodiversity?
Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).
What are the characteristics of a sustainable ecosystem?
So overall, a sustainable ecosystem is an environment that has a series of habitats that has not been influenced by human activity. This environment usually has little to none human activity. The animals have an open space to run, catch food, and breed.
The higher the biodiversity of an ecosystem, the more sustainable it is. Conversely, lower biodiversity equals less sustainability. … The higher biodiversity in an ecosystem means that there is a greater variety of genes and species in that ecosystem.
What is biodiversity with example?
Biodiversity is the variety of life. … Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
What are the four major components of biodiversity?
The four major components of biodiversity are species diversity, ecological diversity, genetic diversity, and functional diversity.