CLIMATIC FACTORS AFFECTING PLANT GROWTH The climatic factors include rainfall and water, light, temperature, relative humidity, air, and wind. … The amount and regularity of rainfall vary with location and climate types and affect the dominance of certain types of vegetation as well as crop growth and yield.
What are the factors that affect the vegetation of an area?
Factors that affect natural vegetation of a place are:
- Land. Land affects the growth of natural vegetation as different kinds of vegetation grow on mountains, plateaus, plains and in deserts. …
- Soil. Soil determines the growth of different types of vegetation. …
- Temperature. …
- Photoperiod. …
Which two climate factors are affected by vegetation?
Precipitation and temperature are the dominant climatic factors affecting vegetation growth [11,19]. Therefore, we focused on these two climate factors.
What are the factors which affect the climate of an area?
Hint:The five main factors which affect the climate of a region are Latitude, Altitude, relief, currents and winds and distance from the sea.
How does climate affect vegetation and animals?
Climate change also alters the life cycles of plants and animals. For example, as temperatures get warmer, many plants are starting to grow and bloom earlier in the spring and survive longer into the fall. Some animals are waking from hibernation sooner or migrating at different times, too.
How does temperature affect vegetation?
Temperature. Temperature influences most plant processes, including photosynthesis, transpiration, respiration, germination, and flowering. As temperature increases (up to a point), photosynthesis, transpiration, and respiration increase.
What is climate vegetation?
Vegetation includes all plants from evergreen forests to grassy meadows and cropland. All types of plants play a role in both the water cycle and the earth’s energy balance. They affect weather and climate mostly through evapotranspiration and albedo.
How does climate affect soil and vegetation?
While weather is a short-term part of climate, certain weather cycles can still affect soil. For example, soil can be dried out and rearranged during droughty or windy weather. As the soil is dried out, plant growth is reduced, which reduces the stability of the surface layer and allows more erosion.
How does climate determine vegetation?
The drier the climate is, the scarcer is the vegetation and the greater is the fraction of bare soil. The physical characteristics of bare soil (albedo, roughness, and water conductivity) differ from those of vegetation cover. That, in turn, creates a basis for the influence of vegetation on climate.
What are the factors that affect the climate of an area Class 9?
6 Factors for Climatic Control
- Latitude. Due to the curvature of the Earth, the amount of solar energy received by various regions is different according to the latitude.
- Altitude. The temperature and density are lesser at higher altitudes.
- Pressure and wind System. …
- Distance from the Sea. …
- Ocean Currents. …
- Relief Features.