How do surface currents affect climate quizlet?

Currents affect climate by moving cold and warm water around the globe. … A surface current warms or cools the air above it, influencing the climate of the land near the coast.

How do ocean surface currents affect climate quizlet?

Ocean currents affect world climate because ocean currents carry warm water, which helps warm climates of land masses.

How do wind currents affect climate?

The dominant air currents that affect climate are known as prevailing winds. … For example, warm winds that travel over water tend to collect moisture as they travel; the water vapor in the air will condense as it moves into colder climates, which is why temperate coastal areas often receive heavy rainfall.

What causes ocean surface currents quizlet?

Surface currents occur at the surface of the ocean and are caused by global winds; the Gulf Stream is an example. Deep currents occur deep in the ocean and are influenced by water density, salinity, and temperature.

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What is a surface current quizlet?

surface currents. ocean currents that occur at or near the surface of the ocean, caused by wind. affected by 3 factors; continental deflections, the coriolis effect, and global winds.

How do surface currents affect climate?

Currents affect climate by moving cold and warm water around the globe. … A surface current warms or cools the air above it, influencing the climate of the land near the coast.

How do ocean currents affect the climate explain?

Ocean currents act as conveyer belts of warm and cold water, sending heat toward the polar regions and helping tropical areas cool off, thus influencing both weather and climate. … The ocean doesn’t just store solar radiation; it also helps to distribute heat around the globe.

How do wind and air masses affect climate?

When winds move air masses, they carry their weather conditions (heat or cold, dry or moist) from the source region to a new region. When the air mass reaches a new region, it might clash with another air mass that has a different temperature and humidity. This can create a severe storm.

How does wind and pressure affect climate?

The Earth’s average pressure patterns and resulting winds influence climate patterns by: advecting temperature and moisture. causing areas of surface convergence and divergence.

How does air pressure affect climate?

As the pressure decreases, the amount of oxygen available to breathe also decreases. … Atmospheric pressure is an indicator of weather. When a low-pressure system moves into an area, it usually leads to cloudiness, wind, and precipitation. High-pressure systems usually lead to fair, calm weather.

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What are surface currents caused by quizlet?

What causes surface currents to move? It is caused by wind action, Earth’s spin, and the shape of the continents. Also, the speed, direction, and volume of water can be affected by the uneven heating of the atmosphere. The force of wind blowing over the top of the Earth.

What are surface currents mainly caused by?

Surface currents in the ocean are driven by global wind systems that are fueled by energy from the sun. Patterns of surface currents are determined by wind direction, Coriolis forces from the Earth’s rotation, and the position of landforms that interact with the currents.

What are surface currents?

A current is a stream of moving water that flows through the ocean. Surface currents are caused mainly by winds but not daily winds. Surface currents are caused by the major wind belts. These winds blow in the same direction all the time. So they can keep water moving in the same direction.

How does a continent affect the movement of a surface current?

In addition to the Coriolis Effect, land masses or continents can influence ocean currents by causing them to be deflected from their original path. … Surface currents have a considerable effect on the climate of areas along their path.

Why do seasons occur quizlet?

Why do seasons occur? The Earths axis is tilted with respect to its orbit, when on its path it is angled inward, the sun rises higher in the sky, resulting in more direct sunlight, longer days, and warmer temperatures.

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When surface currents meet continents the currents are deflected and change direction?

Earth rotates towards the east, causing the winds and surface currents to curve towards the west. 8. What happens when a surface current meets a continent? When a surface current meets a continent, the current is deflected (changes direction).