Frequent question: Which lines determine climate?

Which line of latitude determines climate?

Latitude and Temperature

At the equator, the Sun’s rays are most direct. This is where temperatures are highest. At higher latitudes, the Sun’s rays are less direct. The farther an area is from the equator, the lower its temperature.

What lines affect climate?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler. 2.

What is climate determined by?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important. … Likewise, average precipitation is important, but the yearly variation in rainfall is also important.

What imaginary line determines climate?

Encyclopedic entry. The Equator is an imaginary line around the middle of the Earth.

How does topography affect climate?

The topography of an area can influence the weather and climate. Topography is the relief of an area. If an area is close to a body of water it tends to make milder climates. Mountainous areas tend to have more extreme weather because it acts as a barrier to air movements and moisture.

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Does altitude affect climate?

Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.

Does lines of longitude determine climate?

Latitude and longitude make up the grid system that helps humans identify absolute, or exact, locations on the Earth’s surface. There is a relationship between latitude and temperature around the world, as temperatures are typically warmer approaching the Equator and cooler approaching the Poles.

How do you measure climate on a map?

Some hints in interpreting climate from topographic map:

  1. Presence of water bodies and drainage pattern. A general high density of streams indicate that the area receive high rainfall. …
  2. Vegetation, presence of forest in the map indicate heavy rainfall while woodland vegetation indicate moderate rainfall.

What caused the climate to change?

Since the Industrial Revolution, human activities have released large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which has changed the earth’s climate. … Natural processes, such as changes in the sun’s energy and volcanic eruptions, also affect the earth’s climate.

What are the controls of climate?

The various controls of climate include latitude, land and water distribution, prevailing winds and belts of high and low pressure, ocean currents, altitude, topography, clouds, and cyclonic activity.

What are the 3 main factors that determine Earth’s climate?

Climate is usually described in terms of the mean and variability of temperature, precipitation and wind over a period of time, ranging from months to millions of years (the classical period is 30 years).

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What determines tropics and Arctic and Antarctic Circle locations?

By definition, the positions of the Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic Circle and Antarctic Circle all depend on the tilt of the Earth’s axis relative to the plane of its orbit around the sun (the “obliquity of the ecliptic”).

Is India in the equator?

India is situated north of the equator between 8°4′ north to 37°6′ north latitude and 68°7′ east to 97°25′ east longitude. It is the seventh-largest country in the world, with a total area of 3,287,263 square kilometres (1,269,219 sq mi).

Geography of India.

Continent Asia
Exclusive economic zone 2,305,143 km2 (890,021 sq mi)

Which imaginary line connect the sun with a planet?

The ecliptic is an imaginary line on the sky that marks the annual path of the sun. It is the projection of Earth’s orbit onto the celestial sphere. And it is an essential part of any stargazer’s vocabulary.