Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude.
Does climate depend on latitude?
There is a relationship between latitude and temperature around the world, as temperatures are typically warmer approaching the Equator and cooler approaching the Poles. There are variations, though, as other factors such as elevation, ocean currents, and precipitation affect climate patterns.
Why does climate vary across latitude?
The variations are the result of two phenomena: the orbit of the Earth around the sun and the tilt of the Earth’s axis relative to the orbit. The tilt is the primary reason that different latitudes experience different weather patterns or climates.
What is the relationship between altitude and temperature of place?
As we go up or our altitude increases, temperature falls. The rate of decrease of temperature is 6.5 degrees C for each 1 km altitude change. This can also be written as 3.6 degree F for every 1000 ft increase in altitude.
Why is climate more influenced by latitude than longitude?
Why is climate more influenced by latitude than longitude? Many factors influence the climate of a region. The most important factor is latitude because different latitudes receive different amounts of solar radiation. Sunlight filters through a thick wedge of atmosphere, making the sunlight much less intense. …
Why is climate different from place to place?
There are differences in climate around the world because of differing amounts of radiation received from the Sun at different parts of the Earth at different times of the year. More heat from the Sun is received near the equator than near the north and south poles where the angle of the Sun’s rays is lower.
What caused the climate to change?
Since the Industrial Revolution, human activities have released large amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which has changed the earth’s climate. … Natural processes, such as changes in the sun’s energy and volcanic eruptions, also affect the earth’s climate.
Why do you think climate differs from place to place?
Essentially, there arc two main reasons that climate varies from place to place; first, the amount of energy arriving from the sun, and second the circulation of the atmosphere and oceans which carry heat and moisture from one placc to another.
What is the relationship between temperature and changes in altitude and latitude?
It seems that there exists a seesaw-relationship between latitude and altitude temperature effects with global temperature change: when the global temperature rises, the latitude effect will weaken and the altitude effect will strengthen, and vice versa.
Where are altitude and temperature inversely proportional?
Temperature, altitude, and humidity are inversely proportional to atmospheric pressure.
How does latitude primarily affect the controls of weather and climate?
Latitude is a fundamental control on every climate. It affects temperature by influencing the seasonal range in solar intensity. It influences precipitation in as much as evaporation is temperature dependent.